firebuilding for fire and light

How to light a fire
Firebuilding methods and firestarters

A fire provides, light, warmth and a means to cook your food.  A
fire has many other benefits, including keeping mosquitoes away
and deterring other pests from entering your campsite, and
providing a cozy atmosphere to

An essential skill, there are many ways to light a fire...

Here's how to start a campfire:



















How to Build a Fire
Building a fire requires five things:
  1. a safe place (well arranged with everything ready)
  2. tinder
  3. kindling
  4. fuel and
  5. a fire starter.

If you've got 9 minutes to spare, then
learn how to build a fire
with Reggie Bennett of Mountain Shepherd, a YouTube video.
The lesson shows exactly where to find tinder and kindling and
covers the mistakes to avoid.

A fire needs fuel, heat and air to burn. To build a fire you need
several handfuls of tinder and kindling. Make a rack with several
pieces of kindling, then put the tinder on this rack (instead of on
the ground). In this way, tinder has air underneath it and space
for you to light the fire with a match or other fire starter.

  • Safe place:
  • Set up your fire on the sand, rocks or dirt (never at the base
    of a tree).
  • Tie hair and (no sweat shirts or scarves dangling).
  • Have tongs and a mitt ready.

Gather the materials.
Fire requires fuel, oxygen and heat.  you must first gather "fuel"
into three main categories: small (tinder), medium (kindling) and
large (logs).

#1: Tinder
Tinder is the light and fluffy material to burn.  It helps you start
fires, but it is not a fire starter. Tinder ignites with minimal heat.
Tinder should burn the instant a lighted match touches it. Good
tinder in nature snaps as you break it, and does not crumble or
bend.  Tinder can include twigs, tops of dried weeds, and wood
shavings, bark straw and dead grasses, there are also other man-
made options, such as dryer lint and any of the following:














Home made tinder:
Clever preppers make tinder by soaking cotton balls or cotton
pads in petroleum jelly. This combination makes for a highly
flammable tinder.

Commercially available tinder:
There are many kinds of tinder available for purchase online:
  • Fire Ribbon. Fire ribbon squeezes like toothpaste. Take
    caution and keep away from children as this fire starter is
    extremely flammable.
  • Grabber Hexamine fuel tablets. These hexamine fuel tablets
    use a non-toxic formula safe for the environment. The
    average burn time is 12 minutes and reaches temperatures
    up to 1400 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Tinder sticks, available right
  • Tinder sticks: All natural, high-resin content fat wood.
  • Tinderquick: Tinder-Quik fire tabs complement your Spark-
    Lite purchase and make sure you've got plenty of fire-
    starting ability. Each Tinder-Quik is specially treated to high
    standards to ensure the cotton is waterproof and provides
    more than adequate burn times for starting fires.














#2: Kindling
Kindling are the littles sticks you'll gather that can be as thin as
a pencil or as thick as a thumb. Kindling should snap, and not
crumble or bend.

#3: Large sticks and logs
In fire building, fuel is the larger wood that keeps your fire
going. Wood should be seasoned (cut wood that's dried several
months ago). The larger wood keeps your fire going. This would
should be dry and is best if it's seasoned wood (cut many
months ago).

#4: Firestarter.
Preppers have an eye on redundancy and know many ways to
light a fire. Firestarters can be man-made or improvised. It's
important to note that commercially prepared firestarters, may
not really be firestarters at all, but tinder or kindling. They
require a flame or spark from a match, a lighter, friction or heat
of a magnifying glass. Preppers always carry a lighter. Here are
some ways to light a fire:
  • Friction: fireplow (rubbing sticks together) or using a hand
    drill in a circular motion
  • Matches, wooden or metal.
  • Lighters (the most important source of fire a happy prepper
    owns).
  • Flint stones and magnesium bars (Flint combined with a
    magnesium body and a striker make the emergency Fire
    Starter. A flint will start a fire even when wet!)
  • Magnifying glass
  • Steel wool: just touch it with batteries and you'll be amazed
    how it ignites.
  • Check out all athe crazy weird firestarters and traditional
    firestaters.










Other sources of fuel may include:

    For your Personal Prepper's Manual consider these ideas:

Extinguishing the fire
    Before you start a fire you should have a bucket of water on
    hand before you light it. Never leave a lit fire unattended.
    Never start something you can't stop! Water is your first
    defense at a campfire. Experienced campers know that you
    don't need to dump the whole bucket to extinguish your
    flames.

You'll need to be your own fire department. Have extinguishers
on hand!

Wood Burning Stove
An essential provider of warmth for the colder climates in our
  • Maintain a stove between 300 and 500 degree Fahrenheit.
    Use a thermometer! If your stove heat is too low, you'll get
    unwanted creosote (condensed flue gas, which is steam and
    unburned carbon from the wood).
  • Select dry "seasoned" such as oak, maple and birch wood.
    Seasoned wood is dry for more than a year.
  • Clean stove pipe two or three times a year.
  • You'll need a hearth floor
  • Consider a heat activated fan

  • Check local laws before installation. Californians should
    check county EPA district laws and regulations concerning
    wood burning stoves. Since 1994, there have been stringent
    regulations on installation of wood smoke from stoves and
    inserts.

Camp stoves:





















Prepare your first aid kit
Make sure your first aid kit is fully stocked with supplies for
burns. Burn free first aid for burns,pictured immediate right, is an
excellent choice for advanced preppers.

With a fire you can also make
activated charcoal, charcoal, and
char cloths.

Happy endings...
Learn how to build a fire. While ultimately your
first survival
priority is water, ensuring fire and light is the next key to
survival. Among many provisions, fire provides fuel for cooking, a
means of sterilizing utensils and knives, plus the warmth and
comfort of light at night.

Related articles...


  • The self-feeding fire...





















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Fire ribbon fire starter
Hexamine fuel tablets
emergency fire starter
Firesteel
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