Survival water purification

Survival Water Purification:
Hidden water sources, tools for preppers, and storage ideas

Survive a water crisis!
Preppers live by this fact: a person can live a month without food,
but only a few days without water. And while pollution or
disruption of the water supply is entirely possible, most preppers
fail to stock enough water.  They'll need water not only for
drinking, but for cooking and cleaning as well.

A water strategy for preppers includes storing water; filtering,
purifying, and sanitizing water; locating water reserves; and
creating new water supplies. Discover these methods of water
filtration.










Seven Lessons About Water for Survival
Take heed of these lessons about your water supply for
emergency preparedness (because the time to build a well is not
when you're thirsty)...

Lesson #1: Bottled water is only your first defense: store it.
Think about this: the cheapest, fastest and best thing you can do
for your survival is to get bottled water. If you don't have several
jugs of water, then get some immediately. Bottled water is only
your first defense because for the long term, you'll need to source
more water and learn to filter it. You'll also need more practical
water storage options in larger quantities. Even so it's the fastest
and easiest way to get prepping!

  • Why is bottled water so important to store?  Bottled water
    can last indefinitely, though it's a good idea to rotate your
    bottled water stock to maintain a better tasting  supply of
    water. Commercially bottled water is the safest and most
    reliable supply of water, because the U.S. Food and Drug
    Administration (FDA) monitors all bottled water for bacteria,
    chemicals and other contaminants.  

  • Does that mean all bottled water has no chemicals? No!
    Be a label reader and look for water without fluoride* and
    other chemicals, some disguised as minerals added for
    flavoring. These water additives, although passed by FDA,
    are not necessarily healthy! We've compiled a list of why you
    should stay away from fluoride waters. Bottled water is more
    than just water. Read bottled water dangers.

  • How should I store my bottled water? Can't I just put
    bottled water in the garage? Possibly, but the garage is
    not always the best place to store your water. Take note of
    these important tips on storing bottled water safely:

  • Store bottled water in a cool dry place, away from
    sunlight, and not resting directly on cement, which could
    leach chemicals into your water.

  • Avoid stacking jugs, cases or boxes of water too high.
    The pressure of large cases of water may bear too much
    weight, and the bottom cases will eventually give way
    and leak. You don't want water damage to your home!

  • Rotate stock and check it often to ensure your water
    reserve is adequate.

  • Drink bottled water within three days of opening to
    minimize the risk of microbiological pathogens or molds.

    NOTE: Do NOT reuse disposable water, juice, milk and
    soda bottles. Most disposable water, soda and juice bottles
    have polyethylene terephthalate, also known as PET or PETE.
    While these bottles are safe for one-time use, they may
    leach DEHP (a carcinogen) when used repeatedly.
















Lesson #2: You'll need more water than you think.
Hopefully you'll never need to use a water siphon, pictured right,
or a fire hydrant wrench, pictured below, to get your water
because you'll need much more water than you think.












In addition to drinking water, you will also need to store water for
reconstituting dried foods (cooking pastas, freeze dried meals,
rice and beans), cleaning dishes and utensils, and providing
adequate hygiene, along with water intended for drinking.
(Remember also to store for pets and livestock). Having a
personal water filter for everyone is important not only for the
bugout bag, but for your "get home bag," at the office or school,
and your vehicles.

The effects of dehydration may run the gamut of lethargy, loss of
mental alertness headaches, or urinary tract infections to full
blown kidney stone complications! Even if you are an advanced
prepper and think you know everything about water and
hydration, consider this important fact: you'll need 20-30 gallons
a month per person, per month.

  • How much water should a person store? 90 gallons = a
    three month supply. If there are others in the party, it
    doesn't necessarily mean you multiply the number. Group
    activities, such as washing the dishes, will consolidate the
    numbers a bit.

  • How much water to store for a family of three or four?

  • Did you know your bathtub is a good last minute source of
    water storage? The WaterBob, pictured right and the
    AquaPod, pictured below will help you store 100 gallons of
    water. Use it before a hurricane to ensure your family has
    clean drinking water. Or use it immediately following a
    catastrophe, such as an earthquake, to keep you supplied
    with drinking water when services may stop. Filling the
    bathtub is one of the first things to do immediately following
    an ElectroMagnetic pulse.













Where are you going to store such a supply of water? The
standard size for a residential water heater is only 40 or 50
gallons, which is not nearly enough. The SureWater system, right,
stores 260 gallons of water, about enough for a family of four to
last three months. Make it a priority to find the space in your
home or garage. Or store five 55-gallon barrels!

Lesson #3: Water purification is an essential prepper skill.
Either you prepare your water, or you prepare for medical
complications. Preppers make it a priority to learn about filtration
methods for their survival. There are several methods preppers
use to make drinking water safe:

  • Boiling water. The oldest method of water purification, tried
    and true, is boiling water. How long should it boil? Wait just
    10 minutes! Boiling doesn't guarantee good tasting water;
    however, which is why, back in the day, people drank tea.
    Beer was another method of ensuring a safe water supply.
    Both tea and beer required boiling to make.

  • Sand, Charcoal, and rocks. Layer a sock or straining
    container with sand at the bottom, then charcoal* and rocks
    at the top, and filter your water into a container. Most
    preppers don't realize that this will not remove Giardia from
    the water. This method will however make the water taste
    better and at least reduce bacteria.


  • Iodine. Iodine is not the preferred method for quite some
    reasons. First requires 30 minutes if it's warm and an hour if
    its hot outside. Next, iodine drop tincture antiseptic is
    poison! The good news is that an Iodine Tincture First Aid
    Antiseptic of 2% USP helps prevent skin infection in minor
    cuts, scrapes and burns. You'll need about 10 drops per
    gallon, according to Mykel Hawke in his book, Hawke's
    Special Forces Survival Handbook.

  • Chlorination. Chlorinating water will kill most micro-
    organisms, according to FEMA, and there are three methods
    to purify water through chlorination:

    1. Chlorine dioxide tablets and water drops. Treating water
    with chemicals is a safe and effective way to ensure potable
    water:

  • Potable Aqua tablets, pictured left, has been proven
    effective against bacteria, Giardia, Lamblia,
    Crystosporidium, and viruses. Easy-to-use, just drop the
    tablets in the water and wait.

  • AquaMira water treatment drops. EPA-registered, a
    single 1-ounce bottle of Aquamira drops, far right, treat
    up to 30 gallons (120 quarts) of water. It's the same
    chlorine dioxide formula as the tablets, but in liquid
    form.

  • Some rules for purifying water with bleach:
  • Do not use scented bleaches, color-safe bleaches,
    or bleaches with added cleaners" (source FEMA) as
    these will contaminate your water.
  • Check the expiration date as the effectiveness of
    chlorine bleach is just six months.
  • Do NOT use pool chlorine. It's a much stronger
    constitute than laundry bleach!

  • Filtration: Filtering water provides the essential benefits of
    removing disease-causing parasites. You can also filter
    fluoride, arsenic and other contaminants out of water by use
    of a Big Berkey Water Filter.

    Suggested methods of water filtration for preppers (in order
    of size):

  • Big Berkey Water Filter: The Big Berkey water filter,
    pictured immediate left of the page, is ideal for
    everyday and is portable for camping trips. It's a
    favorite among preppers because it has long filter life
    (up to 3,000 gallons per filter element). This powerful
    system purifies both treated water and untreated raw
    water from such sources as remote lakes, streams,
    stagnant ponds and water supplies in foreign countries,
    where regulations may be substandard at best! Big
    Berkey is made of quality stainless steel.

  • Katadyn water filter. The tried and true Katadyn water
    filter, pictured left, is the most rugged, longest lasting
    micro-filter available. Chosen by the U.S. Military and
    expeditions due to it's extreme durability and
    dependability, it has the capacity to filter 13,000
    gallons (or 50,000 liters) of water. Best of all, the
    output is about 1 quart/liter per minute.

  • Lifestraw water filter.  Lifestraw, pictured right is a
    lightweight drinking straw to sip directly from the water
    source for quick hydration. It removes a minimum of
    99.9999% of waterborne bacteria and 99.9% of
    waterborne protozoan parasites, making it an ideal
    choice for a bugout bag. Here's an article that touts the
    benefits of LifeStraw as a viable option for people of
    Africa!

    NOTE: There is a difference between water purification drops
    or tablets and a water preserver. Use a water preserver as
    the treatment for storage. Use it to prevent your water from
    going bad. A water preserver kills the pathogenic organisms
    responsible for typhoid, dysentery and other serious
    diseases, as do chlorine dioxide water purification drops or
    tablets; however, a water preserver, also kills and prevents
    growth of yeast, mold, fungi and algae for the water you
    store.

Lesson  #4: Water is hiding for you in emergency situations.
When the faucets stop bringing water, pay attention to these
hidden water sources:

  • Rainwater. Rainwater is drinkable. You need only collect it
    in an emergency situation! Even though acid rain causes a
    build-up of pollution in the soil, it is techncially potable
    water! But if you have any doubts, you can always boil it.
    While rainwater is potable we suggest you do not drink
    rainwater without filtering and decontaminating it. Rainwater
    may contain many airborne contaminants (such as
    radioactive fallout or bird droppings) and collecting rainwater
    is prohibited in many states.


  • Hot water tank: The hot water tank of your home or
    apartment building is a hidden source of water in an
    emergency. How to turn off water heater. Your hot water
    heater is a supplemental source of water, but you'll want to
    know how to shut off incoming water to avoid contaminated
    water to mix the safe water. Watch this short video on how
    to stop a leaking water heater, intended for helping deal
    with a plumbing problem. This information is good prepper
    knowledge

  • Fire Hydrant. The Fire Hydrant down the street is a hidden
    source of water in an emergency, but you need a hydrant
    wrench, pictured immediate right.

Lesson # 5: Your tap water has chemicals and contamants.
Be water safe and water smart. Your tap water may contain lead,
arsenic, fluoride, nitrates, sulfates, radon, Hexavalent Chromium,
Atazine and other chemicals and contaminants.

Get the facts about your local tap water and start filtering your
water:

  • Get fluoride out of your water. There's no such thing as
    "beneficial fluoride" in your water supply. If you're being
    medicated with fluoride, get it out with a Big Berkey. A Big
    Berkey Water Filter, pictured above left, filters out the
    fluoride, arsenic and more.


  • Learn the difference between hard and soft water:

  • Read Drinking Water Quality and Health published by
    Colorado State University extension, a thorough article
    that discusses Giardia and other micro-organisms, lead,
    fluoride, nitrates, sulfates, organic chemicals, and
    radon, which you may find in your water source.  

  • Find out about other contaminants lurking in your tap
    water:


Lesson # 6: Know what water to avoid in an emergency:
Think before you drink. Do not use water from toilet flush tanks or
bowls, radiators, water beds, or swimming pools/spas" (source
FEMA).

  • Do not drink water from the toilet reserve tank. Toilet
    reserve tanks are not suitable drinking water because of
    cleaning agent contaminants! Previous tenants may have
    used toilet tank cleaning agents, rendering this water
    undrinkable. Again, break the rules if you have no other
    water source. Toilet flush tanks may have contaminants from
    cleaning agents, while radiators, water beds, pools and spas
    harbor many contaminants, as well. Of course, if this is your
    only water, break the rules!

  • Do not drink water from radiators because of contaminants.

  • Do not drink water from water beds because of the
    chemicals.


  • Do not drink flood waters (source: FEMA), as it is loaded
    with chemicals from spills.

  • Do not use well waters until deemed safe. Well water
    could be contaminated in the event of flood, earthquake or
    other disaster. Test water routinely.

  • "Drink salt water only if you distill it first." (Source: FEMA.)

Lesson #7: Prepare for your family today, by harnessing fresh
water for tomorrow.
The time to build a well is not when you're thirsty. Below you'll
find a few great books on water storage:

  • Water Storage: The Complete Water Storage guide,
    picturedright. Learn how to use gray water and rainwater
    systems, rain barrels, tanks, and other water storage
    techniques for household and emergency use.

  • Water Storage Tanks: The extensive guide book, "Water
    Storage Tanks, Cisterns, Aquifers, and Ponds for Domestic
    Supply, Fire and Emergency Use," pictured immediate right,
    describes how to store water for home, farm, and small
    communities. It will help you design storage for just about
    any use, including fire safety and emergency, in just about
    any context—urban, rural, or village. Learn how to make ferro-
    cement water tanks, ferro-cement water tanks, and much
    more. A do-it-yourself guide to designing, building, and
    maintaining water tanks, cisterns and ponds, and
    sustainable managing groundwater storage, this book will
    help you with disaster preparedness, including your
    independent water system, and fire protection.

Final thoughts about your water supply

No electricity = no water.

Remember, it takes electricity to pipe water to faucets. A big
threat to the water supply is an electricity shortage caused by an
Electromagnetic Pulse (EMP), which could cause water scarcity for
months on end. Don't count on the government to supply you with
water, because an EMP will immobilize all vehicles. This means
batteries for virtually all cars, trucks and ATVs will be useless!

Even if electricity and water is flowing in your municipality,
contamination of your water may occur at the source after natural
disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes or tornadoes) or man-made
ones.

In short, Preppers must:
  • Store as much water as possible (and constantly monitor the
    supplies for leakage);
  • Stock more water than anticipated use;
  • Filter water and test for impurities;
  • Source additional water supplies (water heater, fire hydrant,
    lakes, etc.);
  • Know what water to avoid, including avoiding certain
    bottled waters; and
  • Plan today for tomorrow's water.

How to conserve water in emergency situations:

  • Don't eat salty foods in time of extreme water shortage as
    salty foods will make you more thirsty; however recognize
    that sodium is a required element for your body that's lost in
    sweat and urine.

  • Consult your physician and consider SaltStick Caps for use in
    endurance training and as a survival mechanism. SaltStick
    Capsules minimize muscle cramping, heat stress and fatigue
    due to unbalanced electrolyte blood levels and replace
    electrolytes lost during activity, including sodium, potassium,
    calcium and magnesium. The buffered salt composition helps
    digestion and absorption, and Saltstick Capsules include
    vitamin D to help absorb calcium properly.

  • Don't brush your teeth with the last of the water!

  • Stash up and use lip balms s to sooth dry lips and lotions for
    providing additional moisture.

  • Store disposable cups for hot and cold drinks, plus
    disposable plastic utensils and paper plates to avoid
    using drinking water to wash dishes.

Happy endings...
Water is the most crucial element of survival. Now that you know
how to purify water for survival situations, it's time to ensure you
live happily ever after with clean water. Learn about the dangers
of bottled water, and tap water and what you can do to stay
happy, healthy and hydrated.

Related articles...


































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