MERS

Antiviral face mask kills 99.99% of tested influenza viruses
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Middle East Respiratory Syndrome
MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus)

Middle East Respiratory Syndrme Coronavirus.
You may not be aware that MERS (Middle East Respiratory
Syndrome) is a Coronavirus that's referred to as MERS-CoV. Like
coronavirus, symptoms include fever, cough and shortness of
breath, but there are a range of other symptoms and following
these symptoms, more severe symptoms may emerge including
pneumonia and kidney failure.

The survival rate of MERS is glim at around 36% according to
the World Health Organization. Prepare for MERS as you would
other pandemics.

Below is the prepper's survival guide for MERS...

MERS: A primer for preppers
MERS, a viral respiratory illness that causes a range of
respiratory sytems, is asymptomatic, which is troublesome
because it's difficult to detect in the early stages. Symptoms
may include shortness of breath, fever, sore throat, cough,
chills, muscle and joint pain, vomiting and diarrhrea. It can
lead to pneumonia that requires intensive care treatment.

The elderly, immunsuppressed and people with chronic diseases
are most vulnerable to MERS. What's more, a virus doesn't
obey borders! While MERS originated in Saudia Arabia, it quickly
spread to Taiwan and in 2012. It likely spread through the air
through direct contact.

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS) is a fatal
severe respiratory infection that started in Saudia Arabia in
2012 and believed to have started in a contact with camels.
This zoonotic disease can happen through direct or indirect
contact. While human transmission is possible, the risks are
low.

MERS starts off like the common cold; however it can lead to
system failure and death. It can spread very easily with
travellers and in hospital situations when infection control
measures are inadequate.

Unfortunately also, no one really knows exactly how people
become infected with MERS; however, Mers, reportedly MERS
the first case was in 2012 when a young boy became infected
after having close contact with a camel. Since then, there have
been other reported cases of people being infected by camels.

Preppers must take an extreme measure of caution. There is no
known treatment, nor vaccine.  The only good news is that
MERS does not transmit as easily as another Coronavirus
(
SARS).

What is a Coronavirus?
Several kinds of viruses that cause the common cold, and
Coronavirus is one of them. There are six coronaviruses, among
them one is SARS and another is MERS.

What you need to know about MERS...

  • No vaccine, No cure. While MERS does not have a vaccine
    or a cure, you can treat symptoms of the illness.

  • June is of high concern for MERS. With June begins the
    Islamic Ramadan and pilgrims travel to Saudi Arabia, at
    the heart of where MERS began. Ramadan 2015 began in
    the evening of Wednesday, June 17, 2015 and several
    millions are expected to make the pilgrimage creating a
    huge opportunity for the disease to travel.

  • MERS is coming! While the last case in the United States
    was in May 2014, the likelihood of MERS coming here is
    currently still slim according to the Centers for Disease
    Control (CDC).

  • Symptoms: MERS is an upper respiratory tract illness that
    lasts around 2 weeks and has the following symptoms
  • runny nose
  • cough
  • sore throat
  • fever
  • may progress to pneumonia (a lower respiratory
    illness)

  • Incubation is 14 days: What is most disturbing about
    MERS is the interval of time, which is fourteen days.

Dealing with MERS
With impending danger of MERS entering the United States, it's
time to prepare! Here's how to deal with the problem of this
fatal severe respiratory infection ...

Prevention:
How do you keep MERS from spreading and from getting it
yourself?

  • Wear an antiviral mask. Obviously avoiding close contact
    with sick people is key in dealing with MERS and wearing
    an antiviral mask while out in public will add a layer of
    comfort to your emergency preparedness plans.

  • Do the Dracula cough! As with any respiratory illness,
    cover your nose and mouth when you cough or sneeze.
    Pretend you are Dracula and need to hide behind your
    cape. Bringing your "cape" around your eyes will help the
    cough land on the inside of your arm, which is a place you
    won't spread it to others. (If it's in your hands you'll be
    touching everything).

  • Be part of the scrub club! Wash hands and use hand
    sanitizers often. Wash hands frequently with soap and
    water for 20 seconds (about the length of singing the
    ABCs to your child). Be sure to get under the finger nails!
    When water is unavailable, turn to hand sanitizers.

  • Clean surfaces. Make a habit of disinfecting frequently
    touched surfaces:
  • door handles
  • handles of the refrigerator and other appliances.
  • telephone and cell phones
  • computer keyboard and mouse
  • railings

  • Avoid high traffic areas. Avoid touching public surfaces:
  • elevator knobs
  • escalator railings

  • Know the symptoms:
  • Fever
  • Severe cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Gastrointestinal issues (diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and
    kidney failure)

Step one: Order a NIOSH-approved N95 Respirator.
Order an N95 respirator now, so you don't have to stand in line
with others who are potentially infected later. A NIOSH-
approved
N95 is the correct mask to order because it protects
the wearer by fully overing the mouth. An N95 mask will help
prevent inhalation of airborne germs, but they aren't a totally
fail-proof method. The are still your best bet if you have a
proper fit and it is not loose on the sides and have an 80%
efficacy rate. Skip to step six to learn how to use the N95 mask
properly.

An N95 mask helps block the greatest number of airborne
germs and is the best method for preventing the virus from
getting into your mouth and nose because it's disposable. They
restrict air intake and are difficult to wear all day, but not
impossible.

Note: A gas mask is  obviously not disposable, though you may
be able to find one with a virus filter, you risk accidentally
infecting your gas mask in reusing it. Also, gas masks are
intended for short periods of wear.

Step two: wash hands often, ensure others do.
It can't be understated. Wash your hands. It's more effective
than an N95 respirator. It's in your hands the power to fight the
virus. Currently in the United States, the most effective thing
you can do to prevent Coronavirus is to wash hands and take
your time washing them. It's your primary defense. Wash your
hands using warm water and soap for twenty seconds, which is
about the length of the alphabet song.

Wash your hands often:
  • When preparing food, wash your hands first.
  • Before you eat, wash your hands.
  • If you cough or sneeze, wash your hands.
  • After using the restroom, wash your hands.
  • Wash hands directly after coming home from school, work
    or the grocery store.
  • If you pump gas, use a public phone or computer, touch a
    public railing or door nob wash your hands.
  • Don't touch animals and if you do, wash your hands
    immediately afterwards
  • Even if you've used a hand sanitizer, wash your hands
    when you get the next opportunity to wash with soap and
    water.

Step three: Do the Dracula Cough, use tissues.
Americans can help minimize the spread of the Coronavirus and
other illnesses with two simple actions. They can take control
of how they cough and sneeze and can teach others.

  • Cough and sneeze into your elbow as though you are
    Dracula and are bringing your cape around your face.

  • Anti-viral tissues will help minimize the spread to others.
    Use antiviral tissues and dispose of them properly.

Step four: Keep your distance.
Keep six-feet away from anyone who may be infected. Someone
who sneezes or coughs spreads droplets of saliva or mucus
through the air and this is how the virus spreads. The virus
transfers from person-to-person directly when inhaled or when
transferred to the eyes, nose or mouth when a person touches
an infected surface.

Stay away from sick people! Minimize trips to the doctors
office, for example, and reschedule your annual physical.

Step five: Disinfect surfaces.
While the illness is new, the Coronaviruses spread through
cough and sneeze droplets. Did you know that viruses survive
longer on metal, plastic and other hard surfaces than they do
on fabrics and soft surfaces?

The Center's for Disease Control (CDC) says to "Clean and
disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces" as a way to
help stop the spread of Coronavirus.

Hard surfaces that you should disinfect include:
  • Your cellphone.
  • Your computer keyboard and mouse.
  • Door handles.
  • School desks.

Step six: Use a pandemic mask properly.
If you're using a pandemic mask, such as an N95 Respirator,
ensure you're using it properly.
  • Look for a respirator with a valve for easier breathing
    (you'll be less likely to take it off).
  • Before putting on the mask, wash your hands.
  • Cup your hand and place the mask in your palm.
  • Position the mask over your nose and chin.
  • Pull the top strap over your head and position above your
    ears.
  • Pull the bottom strap over your head and position below
    your ears.
  • Clamp the metal over the bridge of your nose using finger
    tips down both sides of the nose piece.
  • Do a fit check by cupping both your hands over the
    facemask and exhale. If air leaks at the masks edges,
    adjust the straps.
  • Wear a respirator only once.
  • Don't remove your mask.
  • Don' touch your face under the mask.
  • Do not combine with essential oils.
  • Masks offer limited protection (uncovered eyes risk
    exposure)

Step six: Leave your shoes at the door.
The soles of your shoes bring contagion from the outside into
your home. A quick and easy solution that can effectively
minimize contagion coming into your home this is leave your
shoes at the door.

Step seven: Avoid flight travel and population risks.
Viruses don't discriminate. Don't let others shame you into
visiting populations that may have had exposure to people
who've been to Saudia Arabia or the exposed areas.

What more can you do?
Thankfully there is a diagnosis process in place to help identify
patients with MERS. Health professionls can take a swab
sample from the throat to identify a Polymerase Chain
Reaction. There are also tests for respiratory samples and
identification of antibodies.