Firebuilding: fire and light

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Firebuilding Techniques
Fire provides warmth, light, water purification and more!

Firebuilding techniques for preppers:
Firebuilding is an art with many forms of expression. It only takes
one match to start a fire, but there are many ways to build one.
You can build the classic Boy Scout "teepee fire" or the Girl Scout
"A-frame" fire.

When building a fire, remember that a fire needs fuel, heat and
air to burn. There are a few key steps for building a successful
campfire, and determination is one of them! Depending on
weather conditions and what's available, it might be more difficult
to start a fire than you may think. Below are some ideas to get
you going..

How to Build a Campfire
Fire provides, light, warmth, water purification and a means to
cook your food. A fire has many other benefits, including keeping
mosquitoes away and deterring other pests from entering your
campsite, and providing a cozy atmosphere. Learn how to build a
campfire as it's a critical prepper skill. The
Book of Buidling Fires,
pictured right, will help you master the art of the perfect fire.

To build a campfire you'll need to gather tinder, kindling and
firewood, have a firestarter handy, and create a safe place to
build your fire. You'll also need a way to put out the fire safely.

  • Tinder. Tinder is the light and fluffy material to burn.  It
    helps you start fires, but it is not a fire starter. Tinder
    ignites with minimal heat. Tinder should burn the instant a
    lighted match touches it. Good tinder in nature snaps as you
    break it, and does not crumble or bend.  Tinder can include
    twigs, tops of dried weeds, and wood shavings, bark straw
    and dead grasses, there are also other man-made options,
    such as dryer lint.

  • Kindling. Kindling is a bundle of the littles sticks you'll
    gather that can be as thin as a pencil or as thick as a thumb.
    Kindling should snap, and not crumble or bend.

  • Firewood (large sticks and logs). In fire building, fuel is the
    larger wood that keeps your fire going. Wood should be
    seasoned (cut wood that's dried several months ago). The
    larger wood keeps your fire going. This would should be dry
    and is best if it's seasoned wood (cut many months ago).

  • Firestarter.  There are many kinds of firestarters ranging
    from a simple match or lighter to flint stones. A firestarter
    can also be a magnifying glass, a fresnel lens or your own
    friction. Preppers generally carry with them two kinds of
    firestarters, such as a BIC lighter and some matches.Below
    are some articles on some of our favorite firestaters:

  • Acellerant. An acellerant is any substance that will aid the
    spread of fire. An acellerant can give you the edge for
    survival and success in firebuilding. There are many kinds of
    accelerants you can purchase or find using what you have at

  • Safe place. Be sure to set up your fire on the sand, rocks or
    dirt (never at the base of a tree). Safety also includes tying
    your hair and ensuring no sweat shirt draw-strings or scarves
    are dangling. Have tongs and a mitt ready, too

  • Extinguishing the fire. Before you start a fire you should
    have a bucket of water on hand before you light it. Never
    leave a lit fire unattended. Never start something you can't
    stop! Water is your first defense at a campfire. Experienced
    campers know that you don't need to dump the whole bucket
    to extinguish your flames.

Get started on your firebuilding skills by learning some of the
different methods.

How to start a basic camp fire in a fire pit:
The National park of Canada outlines some simple tips for making
a campfire in a campground fire pit:
Instafire bucket
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How to build a fire usingthe Boy Scout Teepee method.
A classic way to build a fire the Boy Scout method, which is to
make a teepee design. It's perhaps the most well loved method of
firestarting because it makes an efficient fire, it lights easily, and
it's also relatively easy to build and maintain.
How to build a one-match fire!
Follow the  steps outlined by Backpacker Magazine and you're
virtually guaranteed the perfect campfire in no time.
Firebuilding techniques for preppers
How to build a Girl Scout A-Frame method fire:
To build a fire the Girl Scout way, you'll make an A-frame rack with
several pieces of kindling, then put the tinder on this rack (instead
of on the ground). Tinder has air underneath it and space for you
to light the fire with a match or other fire starter. The video below
is a great way to teach kids the basic skills:
How to Log Cabin fire:
The log cabin fire requires the same basic materials of tinder,
kindling and fuel (logs). A log cabin fire lights easily and grows
efficiently ~ once you build it you won't have to do much
maintenance. You won't have to continue adding wood to it, so
you can truly enjoy your fire.
How to create a self-feeding fire:
Want a fire that lasts all night long? An experienced fire builder
will appreciate the self-feeding fire that can last 14 or more hours.
The self feeding fire is a clever contraption. Have a peek...
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