bioterrorism preparedness

prepping for bioterrorism

what preppers need to know about bioterrorism

------------------------------------------------- Revised 08/29/16
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Bioterrorism
Prepping for bioterrorism

Microorganisms, which can be disseminated on a population to
intentionally cause disease, is at the root of bioterrorism, but
bioterrorism can also include vectors, such as rats and fleas that
carry the plague, or even venomous snakes or spiders!
Bioterrorism can also include the poisonous products of
microorganisms, animals and plants.  

The primary threats of bioterrorism include:
  1. anthrax
  2. botulism - Because it is potently toxic, the "botulin toxin" is
    a viable potential weapon for biological terrorism.
  3. brucellosis - an infectious disease caused by bacteria,
    exposure which comes from commonly infected animals
    including sheep, cattle, goats, pigs, and dogs.
  4. plague
  5. smallpox
  6. tularemia - disease caused by the bacterium Francisella
    tularensis, which can be cured by antibiotics.
  7. Typhoid fever
  8. Viral Hemmorrhagic Fevers - described by the Centers for
    Disease Control as "a group of illnesses that are caused by
    several distinct families of viruses."


The types of effects of bioterrorism can be so highly varied to
include a variety of problems to the human condition:

  • severe respiratory tract infection

  • diseases that target the heart, circulatory system, immune
    system, or nervous system.

  • agents that target body tissues or cause bleeding.

Thankfully, biological organisms are difficult to produce and to
keep alive long enough to infect a population, let alone be stable
enough to be manufactured on scale large enough to produce,
store, transport and disseminate. Even so, threat of bioterrorism
has occurred through modern times:

Bioterrorism is an ancient art of war:

  • Grain used to spread biological hazard: During World War
    II, Japan contaminated grain with plague-infected fleas,
    then weakened China by dropping the grain from planes
    onto China to weaken their population.

  • Postal delivered used to spread anthrax. Bioterrorist
    attacks may include anthrax or the plague bacteria, which
    could be inhaled or ingested as with the 2001 spread
    through mail delivery.

  • Salad bar deliberate contamination. Ten restaurants
    suffered deliberate Salmonella food poisoning affecting 751
    individuals in The Dalles, Oregon in 1984. Called thet
    Rajneeshee bioterror attack, followers of Bhagwan Shree
    Rajneesh hoped to gain political power by ensuring local
    voters would be incapacitated on election day.

  • 1995 Shigella hospital contamination in Texas.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), such as the equipment
worn right, can provide a measure of protection against infection.
The equipment, which can help prevent fomites (passive
carriers), provides a layer which  can be trashed and destroyed as
a biohazzard or possibly decontaminated

How to Survive- Biological or Chemical Attack
In an act of bioterrorism, the goal of the enemy is to engage in
fear, intimidation, illness and death. The means for this end is
through spread of toxins, including germs and viruses
(biological); or chemical (poisonous gas or other substances).

  • Chemicals: Chemical bioterrorism could include warfare with
    a gas, such as Hydrogen Cyanide or a volatile liquid. The
    devastation could occur within hours or as quickly as
    minutes. You might know something is imminently wrong if
    you see a large flock of sick or dying birds, hovering and
    unexplained mist, odors and vapors.

  • Biological: Viruses and bacteria forced onto a population,
    such as the anthrax attacks on the United States in 2001,
    are among the newest forms of terrorism. Unfortunately, for
    biological attacks, you may not know about your exposure
    until after you have already experienced the symptoms.
    Delayed effects may include:
  • flu like symptoms;
  • eye infections;
  • chest pains; and
  • vomiting blood.

    Types of Bacterial infections:
  1. Coccal - staphylocccal (food poisoning); streptococcal
    (scarlet fever, strep throat); gonococcal (gonorrhea);
    meingococcal (meningitis)
  2. Bacilli: Anthrax, bubonic plauge, Tuberculosis or
    Typhoid Fever
  3. Vibrio:  Choloera
  4. Spirocheste: Syphilis

    Types of Parasitic Microrganisms (the Rickettsia)
    The Rickettsia are parasites intermediate between bacteria
    and viruses, which then can pass on a human host.
  1. Lice, fleas
  2. mites
  3. ticks and chiggers
    Thankfully, they are easy to kill.




















Prepping for Bioterrorism
You may already have a gas mask and chemical suit, as picture
right, for every person in your family or group. Likely if you were
prepping for Ebola, you already procured these basic preps. The
following is a list of preps to own for bioterrorism.

  • Fish antibiotics. Whoever has the cure in their hands will be
    the ones to stay alive: it's those who hold antibiotics who
    will survive. While antibiotics require a prescription, you can
    secure for yourself fish antibiotics for extreme emergencies
    when antibiotics will not be available to the general public.
    In this way you can match your initial prescription to the
    equivalent in your prepper's medicine cabinet.
















  • Ambient Weather Radio: If you have adequate
    communications, you may be able to get more information
    from the authorities, but don’t count on it, likely you'll get
    information from other preppers. The ambient weather radio
    will help you determine the wind direction, this is important
    in a bioterrorist attack as you will want to sidestep the path
    of the wind. Heading upstream is obviously a fatal error,
    buteading down wind is a bad move as the contagion will
    spread your way.

Steps to Surviving Bioterrorism or a Chemical Attack
Evacuate the area. Steer clear and keep your nose covered with
an N95 or gas mask if you have them otherwise simply with a
cloth.

If you’re inside:
  • Move to the top floors of the building. Why? Because gases
    and toxins are heavier than air and wills sink.
  • Close windows and doors.
  • Seal off air vents and turn off air conditioning systems.
    Place damp cloths underneath everything you've sealed up.
  • Go back and tape windows and doors to seal out gases.

Decontiminate:
After a bioterrorist attack, it's important to decontaminate:

  • Take it off: Get naked! Remove all your clothing and
    accessories ensuring contaminants do not touch your mouth,
    nose and skin. This means you should not pull anything over
    your head. Instead: cut your clothing with scissors or a knife
    or rip it.

  • Seal it up: Seal everything in a double plastic bag
    (preferably a biohazard bag if you have one).

  • Clean it up: Wash with soap and water to prevent as much
    absorption of the toxic agent as possible. Some may prefer
    10 parts water 1 part bleach. If water, soap and or bleach
    isn’t available, you can use a powder, such as baking soda,
    flour, or even talcum powder to absorb liquid contaminants.
    Leave it on your skin for at least 30 seconds before wiping
    off with a towel or other clean cloth.

Minimize contact
If you’ve been exposed and decontaminated, the next thing to do
is to quarantine yourself in a room.  Seal yourself in, and don’t
allow others in the room.

  • If you have contact lenses: wash your hands with 1 part
    bleach to ten parts water before taking out your contact
    lenses. Dispose of the lenses with your hazard bag of
    clothing.

  • If you don’t have a gas mask: Dampen a cloth with water
    and baking soda to improvise a mask.

  • Cover wounds. Cover up all your cuts and sores with
    bandages, ensuring they do not risk exposure.

  • Cover skin. After the incident, get out your pandemic
    coveralls to ensure you arms, legs and neck are covered.
    Wear a full face gas mask and protective head covering.

  • Keep a watchful eye.  Watch for symptoms even days after
    exposure. If the government has given the “all clear”
    directive, seek medical attention.

If you’re outside:
Move Cross Wind. The path of the poison will be down-wind from
the release point, so you are wise to step aside from the flow of
its path and move. If you go down wind, the poison will follow
you. If you go up wind, the flow will get you there as well. It’s
better to head left or right of the wind direction at your face or
back.

  • How to move cross wind: If the wind is blowing on your
    face or on your back, put your hands on your hips and head
    in either direction your elbows are pointing. If the threat is
    airborne, move cross wise.


Happy endings...
Preparing for bioterrorism isn't going to be easy, but anything
you do to prepare will help set your mind at ease. Start with a
simple respirator

Related articles...

Resources...
Be sure to Read,
SAS Survival Handbook, Third Edition: The
Ultimate Guide to Surviving Anywhere
by John "Lofty" Wiseman,
pictured right. Written in 2014, this great resources was revised
to reflect the latest in survival knowledge and technology, and
covering new topics such as urban survival and terrorism. The
SAS Survival Handbook (published in 1986).

The ultimate guide to surviving anywhere, now updated with
more than 100 pages of additional material, including more on
disaster survival, such as how to react in the face of natural
disasters and hostile situations—and how to survive if all
services and supplies are cut off. It's highly rated by the
prepping community. John "Lofty" Wiseman is a British author
and survival consultant, and a former member of the Special Air
Service (SAS), the British special forces unit.

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